Perhaps the most historic military plane in history, the Enola Gay is a B-29 Superfortress, that in 1945 became the world’s first combat unit to deploy a nuclear weapon against an enemy target, namely the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The plane’s name, Enola Gay, is, like many named aircraft, named after a loved one. In this case, Enola Gay Tibbets is the mother of the pilot, Paul W. Tibbets, pictured here just before take-off on the mission to bomb Hiroshima.
Date: 6 August, 1945
Aircraft: Boeing B-29 Superfortress
Source: Record Group 208: Records of the Office of War Information, 1926 – 1951